Square root

A square root of a number a is a number y such that x2 = a, in other words, a number x whose Square and 2 is Power of x.

For example,

81 = 9 x 9 = (-9) x (-9), where 9 and (-9) are square roots of 81.

Every positive real numbers x has a unique non-negative square root, called the principal square root, which is denoted by x, where

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square root sign

√ is called the radix.

For example, the principal square root of 81 is 9, denoted √81 = 9, because 92 = 9 × 9 = 81 and 9 is non-negative.

Every positive number x has two square roots: x, which is positive, and −x, which is negative. Together, these two roots are denoted ± a.

Also refer:

Square Root – 9th std

Sqaure root – 8th std

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