**1.Write each of these ratios in the simplest form. **

(i) 2:6

(ii)24:4

(iii) 14:21

(iv) 20: 100

(v) 18:24

(vi) 22:77

**Solution: **

(i) 2:6 = 1:3 (dividing both by 2)

(ii) 24:4 = 6:1 (dividing both by 2)

(iii) 14:21 = 2:3 (dividing both by 7)

(iv) 20:100 = 1:5 (dividing both by 2)

(v) 18:24 = 3:4 (dividing both by 6)

(vi) 22:77 = 2:7 (dividing both by 11)

**2. A shop-keeper mixes 600 ml of orange juice with 900 ml of apple juice to make a fruit drink. Write the ratio of orange juice to apple juice in the fruit drink in its simplest form.**

**Solution: **

Ratio of volumes of

Orange juice and apple juice O:A

= 600:900

= 6:9

= 2:3

**3. a builder mixes 10 shovels of cement with 25 shovels of sand. Write the ratio of cement to sand. **

**Solution: **

Ratio of cement to sand = 10 shovels :25 shovels

**4.In a school there are 850 pupils and 40 teachers. Write the ratio of teachers to pupils. **

**Solution: **

Number of teachers : Number of pupils

= 40 : 850 = 4:85

**5. On a map, a distance of 5cm represent an actual distance of 15km. Write the ratio of the scale of the map. **

**Solution: **

Let x be the number to be added them

(49 + x) = (68 + x) = 3:4

4(49+X) = (68 + X)3

196+4X = 204 + 3X

4X – 3X = 204 – 196

x = 8

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